First-year plants appear as a rosette of green leaves close to the ground. Rosettes remain green through the winter and develop into mature flowering plants the following spring. Flowering plants of garlic mustard reach from 2 to 3-½ feet in height and produce buttonlike clusters of small white flowers, each with four petals in the shape of a cross. Garlic mustard is prohibited in New York; it is illegal to purchase, sell, transport or propagate. Several white-flowered native plants, including toothworts (Cardamine or Dentaria), sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii), and early saxifrage (Saxifraga virginica), occur alongside garlic mustard and may be mistaken for it.
Herbaceous Plants - Annuals, Biennials, Perennials